Bharatanatyam, evolved from Sadir or DasiAattam is an ancient South Indian dance form, with many centuries of tradition subsumed in it. 

A standard Bharatanatyam Costume

            At the same time its revival and popularity in its current form is more recent, stemming in large part due to the efforts of Smt Rukmini Devi Arundale from the 20th century. Rukmini Devi founded Kalakshetra, a center for performing arts in Chennai, India.